Universidad de Cordoba (UCO)

uco

Francisco Villalobos (Full Professor UCO. Crop Ecophysiology, Crop Modelling, Crop Micrometeorology) and Luca Testi (Tenured Scientist IAS-CSIC. Crop Modelling, Crop Micrometeorology) will constitute the UCO team.
The University of Cordoba is a High Education institution established in 1972, ranking number 1 in agricultural research among Spanish universities, a distinction that has been further consolidated with the ceiA3 (Agrifood Campus of International Excellence).
The applicants form a research group established in 1981 at the Agronomy Department in the University of Cordoba and has been conducting research on water, agriculture and environment. In 1995, the Group joined the Institute of Sustainable Agriculture (IAS-CSIC) at Cordoba as their water management and modelling group, with emphasis on combining modelling and experimental approaches. Francisco Villalobos was one of the key developers of OILCROP-SUN, a crop growth and development simulation model of sunflower. From the late nineties the main group activity focused almost entirely on the ecophysiology and modelling of tree crops (especially olive), with the development of OliveCan, a mechanistic, comprehensive model of olive orchards that encompasses growth, development, water use and carbon assimilation and exchange with the atmosphere. The team is actually one of the top international references for the modelling of the olive tree.
The group has extensive experience of measurement of ecophysiological quantities in trees at the field scale, having been the pioneers in the use of the Eddy Covariance technique in olive and other tree crops. The team has also excellent expertise in gas exchange chambers measurements in tree crops at the field scale, and was the developer of a complete, high precision sap-flow measurement system.
The group participation in this project will consist in: a) calibrating the OliveCan model over the different olive grove typologies and cultivars in Europe; b) conducting simulations aimed to explore the olive farming performance under actual and future climate conditions; c) evaluating the capacity of olive farming to respond to the changing environment and d) establishing the required management options to improve and guarantee the capacity of olive growing industry to supply oil, but also byproducts and other environmental services.
LITERATURE
● Pérez-Priego, O., Testi, L., Kowalski, A.S., Villalobos, F.J., Orgaz, F. Aboveground respiratory CO2 effluxes from olive trees (Olea europaea L.) Agroforestry Systems (88), 244-245 (2014)
10.1007/s10457-014-9672-y
● Villalobos, F.J., Testi, L., Orgaz, F., García-Tejera, O., Lopez-Bernal, A., González-Dugo, M.V., Ballester-Lurbe, C., Castel, J.R., Alarcón-Cabañero, J.J., Nicolás-Nicolás, E., Girona, J., Marsal, J., Fereres, E.
Modelling canopy conductance and transpiration of fruit trees in Mediterranean areas: A simplified approach
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (171-172), 93-103 (2013)
10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.11.010
● Villalobos, F.J., Perez-Priego, O., Testi, L., Morales, A., Orgaz, F.
Effects of water supply on carbon and water exchange of olive trees European Journal of Agronomy (40), 1-7 (2012) 10.1016/j.eja.2012.02.004
● Fereres, E., Villalobos, F.J., Orgaz, F., Testi, L.
Water requirements and irrigation scheduling in olive
Acta Horticulturae (888), 31-40 (2011) http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-80053276797&partnerID=40&md5=08d5ce8692f6c32f2c4dab60e1441c65
● Villalobos, F.J., Testi, L., Hidalgo, J., Pastor, M., Orgaz, F.
Modelling potential growth and yield of olive (Olea europaea L.) canopies European Journal of Agronomy (24 (4)), 296-303 (2006) 10.1016/j.eja.2005.10.008