Data policy

Data management and data sharing within the consortium are key aspects of OLIVE-MIRACLE proposal since the project is focused on using pre-existent dataset as well as creating new data that will be shared and used as model inputs for indicators computation alongside the project in order to identify feasible and sustainable optimal olive tree management practices across four countries of Mediterranean basin. To this end, data management and data sharing will follow the structure of table reported in the following table:

WP Expected impacts from call text Response of OLIVE-MIRACLE Impacts End-users
4 “Sustainable intensification of agriculture production” Development of a framework to test and promote improved management strategies for an efficient adaptation and mitigation of olive tree cultivation across the whole  Mediterranean basin, considering local scale. A more sustainable intensified olive tree cultivation Farmers, policy makers, scientists, society
1, 4 More resilience of agriculture to climate change Future climate data will be downscaled to a local scale to evaluate the response of olive tree cultivation on a detailed level. A more resilient olive tree cultivation able to cope with expected climate change (in terms of adaptation and mitigation). Farmers, scientists, external services, society, policy makers.
1, 2, 4 “Better use of biomass and waste from plant (European bioeconomy strategy)” Simultaneous estimation of food and no-food products of olive tree cultivation A better use of co-products derived from olive tree cultivation Farmers, external services, policy makers.
2, 3, 4 “agriculture solutions towards a holistic approach” Stakeholder engagement through a reiterative process. Analysis of olive tree responses to wide range of environmental, technical, economical variables Economic viability of olive cultivation, olive tree cultivation less subjected to pests and diseases outbreaks, reduction in soil erosion, increases in carbon uptake. Farmers, scientists, external services, society, policy makers

Data Collection and creation
Pre-existing spatial datasets will be collected, organised according to specific format and shared amongst partners. Specifically, spatial information on current olive tree distribution across Mediterranean countries, the main soil (elevation, pH, texture, water content, etc.) and climate characteristics will be collected from different sources (see table of Figure 2). Information on main management practices (i.e. planting density, main cultivars, pruning, irrigation, fertilization), carbon balance (gas exchange, biomass, yield, soil respiration), olive production, pest, diseases and pathogen outbreaks (with a focus on olive fruit fly) will be also collected and mapped into GIS layers (WP1) from different sources (websites, experimental plots, scientific literature, stakeholder consultations, etc.). Economic account of olive tree farms will be obtained from Eurostat database and regional surveys and integrated into a GIS environment.
Experimental data available from each partner (see table of figure 2) will be provided according to a specific protocol with respect to the specific standard requested for calibrating the process-based model. For a detailed description of experimental data available in each case study country, please see table 1 as reported in WP1, task 1.1 description (section E).
These data will be collected by each partners for their competence, shared within the consortium and elaborated and formatted according to specific requirements to feed a process-based olive tree simulation model (WP2). New data will be created and shared along the project (see table of Figure 2). In the specific, environmental and economic indicators and future possible shift/contraction of olive tree area, will be elaborated starting from the outputs of process-based model (WP2) as well as stakeholder consultations (WP3) in relation to new management practices (WP4). These data will be stored and shared on a web-server freely available by partners.
Each dataset (pre-existent and newly created) will be associated to metadata, reporting the relevant information about source, scale of acquisition, methodology used for its creation, date of creation, ownership, format, extension.
By this data management framework olive agroecosystem reaction to global warming (WP2, WP4) will be predicted in terms of environmental sustainability and economic viability. Feasible adaptation and mitigation measures on a local scale will be also identified.
Data storage and Backup, responsibilities and resources
The data will be stored on a local server with RAID 1 technology (Redundant Array of Independent Disks. With RAID 1, also called “mirroring”, basically data are written and kept in two or more copies, each one stored in a separate hard disk) in order to have higher data protection. During the project, the system will be only accessible within a virtual private network (VPN) and the bandwidth is usually about 90Mbps in both download and upload; credentials will be given to consortium members, auditors and others (after a consortium agreement). The system will be connected to an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) in order to avoid possible damages or accessibility issues due to electrical black-outs. Incremental backups will be carried out by an automated software to a local RAID 1 Network Attached Storage (NAS). The coordinator will be responsible for data management and it will set up the project local server and a technician for its administration.
Ethics and Legal Compliance (Intellectual Property Rights)
The project doesn’t deal with ethical issues.
The vision of the project is to make publically available the results of our research through dissemination via publications, the project web portal, meetings and conferences and stakeholder training and knowledge trasnfer.
During the first kickoff meeting (WP6) a specific session will be devoted to elect a steering committee that will be in charge for defining copyright and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) of the results derived from the project. The steering committee will be formed by a single exponent from each partner. Each partner will be bound by the terms and conditions defined by the steering committee under a Consortium Agreement, which defines a mechanism aimed at providing all partners with information related to the forthcoming publications. If the publication infringes some confidential information, the partner wishing to make the publication may delay or modify the content of his/her publication. An appropriate protocol for the consideration of such issues will be agreed at the outset of the project.
Data Sharing
Internal data sharing: all data will be stored in a server, which – during the project – will be accessible only to partners, auditors and trusted users via VPN. Access to data for consultation, processing and download will be possible through a Database Management Software coupled with a web-interface, including GIS technology (e.g. interactive maps), text/number-based querying systems, etc.
The GIS expert will manage the database in order to provide an automatic warning system that informs each partner via email that a specific layer has been uploaded/updated an providing a graphic user interface to query the dataset and extract the layer of interest along the relevant metadata
External data sharing: the data produced as results by the project will be publicly available via internet as informative layers. In order to download the data, interested users will have to register providing basic personal information, and to specifically accept the terms and conditions of the service, which will refer to privacy, but also to data legal ownership and usage. The consortium will decide how to proceed each time there will be a request for access to further internal data produced by the project.
National programs interested to or will benefit from OLIVE-MIRACLE outputs are reported below:
ITALY:
– Institute for Environmental protection and Research of Italy – ISPRA (http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it): ISPRA, being in charge of accomplish Kyoto Protocol, have the institutional responsibility of monitoring, evaluating, promoting the role of agriculture for mitigation purposes by increasing carbon uptake of agro-ecosystem as well as the use of by-products for bio-energy.
– Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea – MATTM (http://www.minambiente.it/) – MATTM, being in charge of accomplish Kyoto Protocol, have the institutional responsibility of monitoring, evaluating, promoting the role of agriculture for mitigation purposes by increasing carbon uptake of agro-ecosystem as well as the use of by-products for bio-energy
– Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea – MATTM (http://www.minambiente.it/) – MATTM has created a focus group for identifying the main areas that will suffer the impacts of climate change, defining the strategic objectives and actions to mitigate impacts and adapt, aiming at developing a document as working basis for the definition of the “National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change”.
CYPRUS:
Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment (http://www.moa.gov.cy): The Department of Environment is the competent authority for the implementation of the action plan for the Climate Change and is very interested to gather data and expertise regarding greenhouse gas emissions.
SPAIN:
– Junta de Andalucia – Consejería de Agricultura, Pesca y Desarrollo Rural (http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/agriculturaypesca), “Plan Director del Olivar Andaluz”, (10/03/2015) – The Andalusian Regional Government has always had the commitment to maintain and improve the olive industry as it is the main agricultural income of the region. The JdA has recently introduced the “Focus Program for the Andalusian Olive”, a framework which defines the actions needed for this goal in the next 6 years. All the objectives pursued by this project are included in the plan.
– Spanish Government – Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce, (http://www.minetur.gob.es), “Plan de acción Nacional de Energías renovables de España, 2010-2020” – The Spanish Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce launched this program in 2010, aimed to reduce the national dependency on oil and improve renewable energy supplies. The plan list the biomass from olive industry surplus (pruning and mill wateproducts) among the main sources of biomass. Many specifically designed power plants have already been built in the olive growing areas. A more precise evaluation of the biomass produced by the olive industry as a function of management actions and climate change impact will be extremely useful.
GREECE:
Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change – MEECC (http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspx?tabid=230&language=en-US): MEECC being in charge of accomplish Kyoto Protocol, have the institutional responsibility of monitoring, evaluating, promoting the role of agriculture for mitigation purposes by increasing carbon uptake of agro-ecosystem as well as the use of by-products for bio-energy