The main expected impacts deriving from OLIVE-MIRACLE project are synthesised in the following table:
|WP||Expected impacts from call text||Response of OLIVE-MIRACLE||Impacts||End-users|
|4||“Sustainable intensification of agriculture production”||Development of a framework to test and promote improved management strategies for an efficient adaptation and mitigation of olive tree cultivation across the whole Mediterranean basin, considering local scale.||A more sustainable intensified olive tree cultivation||Farmers, policy makers, scientists, society|
|1, 4||More resilience of agriculture to climate change||Future climate data will be downscaled to a local scale to evaluate the response of olive tree cultivation on a detailed level.||A more resilient olive tree cultivation able to cope with expected climate change (in terms of adaptation and mitigation).||Farmers, scientists, external services, society, policy makers.|
|1, 2, 4||“Better use of biomass and waste from plant (European bioeconomy strategy)”||Simultaneous estimation of food and no-food products of olive tree cultivation||A better use of co-products derived from olive tree cultivation||Farmers, external services, policy makers.|
|2, 3, 4||“agriculture solutions towards a holistic approach”||Stakeholder engagement through a reiterative process. Analysis of olive tree responses to wide range of environmental, technical, economical variables||Economic viability of olive cultivation, olive tree cultivation less subjected to pests and diseases outbreaks, reduction in soil erosion, increases in carbon uptake.||Farmers, scientists, external services, society, policy makers|
The research will improve significantly olive tree crop modelling by extending model predictive ability to capture olive crop behaviour under a wider range of conditions. This improved capability will be beneficial to properly define olive farming design and the relevant management practices, which aim at optimizing the performances of the agro-ecosystem in terms of improved positive externalities and reduced the negative ones. Under this point, a relevant area of application is the carbon footprint certification, which is attracting a growing interest from stakeholders. As the delivered modelling solution will incorporate a detailed carbon balance algorithm, tested on a wide array of environments, the project has the potential to backbone carbon balance services or refining existing ones.
Another important practical use which will benefit from improved models is the quantitative assessment of biomass from pruning and wastes from the post-harvest treatments, which is crucial to design and manage olive processing chains, for energy production purposes and/or soil incorporation to contain erosion.
When applied in a global change context, OLIVE-MIRACLE outputs will be a valid benchmark on which testing the impact of adaptation strategies on both farmers income and ecosystem services providing stakeholders with knowledge input to refine or re-orient breeding programs as well as design field operating machinery. Finally, project outputs have the potential to assess the role of sustainable mitigation and adaptation strategies on the optimisation of olive yield and GHGs emissions for olive tree cultivation (Brilli et al., 2014).